KONJOST Vol. 11(1), Dec. 2016-Abstracts

 

INTENSITY OF ADOPTION OF LOWLAND RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BY RICE FARMERS IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

ABUBAKAR, H. N., KOLO, I. N., GANA, A. K. and YABAGI , A. A.
 


Abstract
The study examined adoption intensity of lowland rice production technologies by rice farmers. Structured questionnaire was used for data collection. A multi-stage sampling technique was employed for the study. A total of 181 respondents were randomly selected and interviewed. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result of adoption index indicated 93.4%, 80.7%, 69.1%, 60.8% and 51.9% of respondents on a relatively high adoption of establishment of nursery, land preparation, transplanting and spacing, chemical disease control and insect control respectively. Rate of fertilizer application (57.5%) was used on a medium level. Water management practice (74.0%) and chemical weed control (84.0%) recorded low level. The results of Tobit regression model indicated that household size, farming experience, extension contacts, training participation and distance from market were significant (P≤0.01);  farm size and social capital were also significant (P≤0.05).  The extension organizations should further popularize and promote rice production package to increase rice productivity.

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FREE RADIANT ENERGY: PANACEA TO PROBLEMS OF ELECTRICITY IN NIGERIA

MOHAMMED Abdullahi & DANIEL, T. A. (Mrs.)
 



Abstract
 Due to the enormous shortage of electricity in Nigeria, companies are relocating to other African countries while offices, residences and small businesses use expensive fossil fuel in ‘noisy and air polluting’ generators to generate power. This paper discusses some of the methods of harnessing free/radiant energy through Free-Energy Devices or “Zero-Point Energy Devices”. These include; Aerial Systems, Gravity Powered Systems, Energy-Tapping Pulsed Systems and Pulse-Charging Battery Systems. These systems are hereby recommended to be put into practice by able Physicists, Technicians and Technologists in order to produce and sell them to users. This will make inadequate supply of electricity a thing of the past, and more jobs would be created.

 Keywords: Free-Energy, Electricity, Devices.

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ASSESSMENT OF ENERGY CRISIS AND BIOGAS UTILIZATION AS AN ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCE IN KONTAGORA TOWN, NIGER STATE

1TEMAUGEE, S.T., 2ALIMI, T., 1ANI, E., 2MUSA, B. and 3LATEEF, O.K.
 



Abstract
This work assessed energy crisis and biogas utilization as an alternative energy resource in Kontagora using questionnaires as instrument for data collection. A total of 100 respondents; 50 lecturers and 50 students were randomly selected from the five schools in Federal College of Education, Kontagora. Data obtained was analyzed using simple percentages. This paper established that Nigerians waste energy. It also revealed that many people in the country experience inadequate and irregular power supply, which prompted their use of generating set and charcoal/firewood for electricity and heat for cooking even when they understand that these alternatives, though self-serving, are accompanied with human and environmental unfriendly gases(CO and CO2). Most respondents were also aware of the looming dangers of deforestation in the bid to providing firewood and charcoal. Even though, the research showed that a high percentage of the society is aware of the potentials of biogas as a human and environmentally safe renewable energy source; the citizens and government are yet to harness it as an alternative form of energy. The researchers recommended that awareness on the benefits of biogas should be made more intense, government should endeavour to invest in biogas technology and adopt renewable energy mix to mitigate the gross energy crisis in the entire country for a better economy.

Keywords: Biogas, Energy Crisis, Energy resource, Renewable Energy.

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MOVING BEYOND OIL IN NIGERIA; A NECESSITY FOR ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION
SALAMI Jennifer U
Abstract
Since the discovery of oil in Nigeria, its contribution to the Nation’s revenue is immense. However, with the fall in price of oil by over 65% from when it was initially sold at about $115 per barrel, the Nation’s accrued revenue from this sole sector is not helpful for desired level of development proven by the present level of poverty with high rate of unemployment and less productivity. Thus, a swift need for diversification of other sectors for economic growth is germane. This paper attempts the means and huge potential of the diversification of the economy from the monolithic economy driven by oil. Non-export products and services are opined to shore up the country’s foreign exchange earnings. From the study, recommendations include among others; promotion of quality products of competitive advantages, creation of favourable investment climate and policies.
Keywords: Economic diversification, Crude oil, Competitive advantages, Non-oil Exports, Agriculture.

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THE EFFECTS OF ACTIVITY METHOD ON BIOLOGY STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN DAY AND BOARDING SCHOOL SYSTEMS WITHIN KONTAGORA TOWN
JOSEPH, O. J. and DARAMOLA, O. T.
Abstract
This study investigates the effect(s) of activity method of teaching on students’ learning outcome in Biology in the day and boarding schools within Kontagora metropolis. A pre-test, post-test quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Of the 1,984 senior secondary school students class two (2) from 24 senior secondary schools within Kontagora metropolis, 80 students’ were drawn from four (4) schools randomly selected as samples for the study. They were; (1 male day, 1 female day, 1 male boarding, 1 female boarding). Each school was exposed to the same treatment. A standardized  Biology Achievement Tests (BAT) was administered to all school categories (pre-test and post-test). The data obtained from the achievement tests were analyzed using t-test statistics at a significant level of 0.05. The findings revealed among others that: there is a significant difference in the performance of students in pre-test of day and boarding school systems, that there is no significant difference in the mean post-test scores of students in the day and boarding school systems. Based on these findings, it was discovered that no schooling system is best suited for teaching biology. It was recommended among others that; science teachers should never give-up on their students’ academic weaknesses especially in biology, school administrators and head should encourage students to put in more effort in their academic work especially science disciplines like biology.

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CURBING UNEMPLOYMENT THROUGH SUSTAINABLE ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

IBRAHIM, I., ABDULLAHI, H. & HASSAN, H.
 



Abstract
This study is on curbing the Unemployment problem in Nigeria through entrepreneurial development. The study is motivated by the fact that unemployment problem like corrupt practices in Nigeria is a hydra headed problem and thus require the collective effort of all. This paper revealed that the unemployment problem in Nigeria can be solved through entrepreneurial development and that government effort in this regard is not sufficient given the magnitude of the unemployed in Nigeria. Therefore, the study recommended that solving the unemployment problem should not be left in the hands of the government alone rather we should employ the public private partnership approach so as to allow the involvement of private individuals in helping to establish entrepreneurial development centres.

Key Words: Unemployment, Sustainable Entrepreneurial Development, Nigeria

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