KONJOST Vol. 11(1), Dec. 2016-Abstracts

 

EFFECT OF PLANNED POST-PRACTICAL DISCUSSION ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ LEVEL OF PRACTICALS SKILLS ACQUISITION IN PHYSICS

LASISI A. R. & MRS T.A. DANIEL,
 



Abstract
This study investigates the effect of planned post-practical discussion on senior secondary school students’ level of practical skills acquisition in physics. A pre-test/post-test quasi-experimental approach was employed for the study. The subjects of the study were twenty-five senior secondary two (SS II) students. Experimental group were made up of thirteen students while control group were made up of twelve students. Both groups were exposed to the same set of Physics experiments using the same demonstration method of teaching except that the experimental group experienced planned post practical discussion at the end of each practical lesson. Three standard test items selected from West African Examination Council (WAEC) Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE) Physics paper I was administer as pre-test and post-test. Physics practical skills rating scale (PPSRS) was used to assess the participants’ responses. The data obtained were analyzed using t-test statistics at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study reveals that students who were exposed to planned post-laboratory discussion had a significant mean gain in level of practical skills acquisition as measured by PPSRS. Thus, it was suggested that physics (science) teachers should integrate planned post-practical discussion to their teaching strategies in physics (science) practical. This implies that there should be constant in-service training in form of workshop for science teachers to acquit them with latest research findings that can improve their teaching strategies. It is therefore recommended that teachers should be exposed to in-service training in the use of planned post-practical discussion model of teaching.

Key words: Post-practical discussion, Practical skills, Students and Physics.

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ISLAM AND SKILLS ACQUISITION IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION IN NIGERIA

GARBA Aliyu
 



Abstract
Islam plays greater role in promoting vocational education and skills acquisition and also new inventions as enshrined by Islamic legal code. Therefore, the paper discussed Islam as a Religion, vocational education and promoting artisan works for self sustainability and self independence. The paper also explained Islam and the struggles of skills acquisition for food security and economic diversification for rapid development of Gross Domestic Product of Nigeria and recommendations such as the federal government should actualize its intention of boosting agricultural activities throughout the country by giving assistance to the deserving individuals to revive the glory of the past for the efficient food production and economic diversification. There should be a provision of sufficient vocational centers in Nigeria for training the youths to learn different skills of their choice for self employment and entrepreneurship. Similarly, School of Vocational Education should be introduced and be given priority so that youths will learn different skills. Vocational education should also be seen as a form of learning designed, tailored, and targeted at preparing individuals for gainful employment as semi skilled or skilled workers to reduce high rate of redundancy and dependency on government. Also, religious leaders should admonish, encourage, and call the attention of their followers to actively participate in acquiring desirable vocational skills in agriculture, trade or business for self-subsistence. Finally, recommendations were drawn.

Key Words: Islam as a Religion and vocational education.

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ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION: A VIABLE TOOL FOR SUSTAINABLE
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS

OSUORJI, Anne Nwada (MRS) and DAVID, Seyi
 



Abstract
It is axiomatic that entrepreneurship education serves as a catalyst in the socio- economic development of any country. It is a veritable vehicle or the achievement of macro-economic objectives interms of employment generation at low investment cost and the development of entrepreneurial capabilities. This review examines the place of entrepreneurship education as a factor in sustainable economic development of Nigeria. The work highlights the need for the training of would-be entrepreneurs as engine room of sustainable economic development of Nigeria. It also examines the efforts of the Federal Government of Nigeria in the area of entrepreneurship education as well as identifying the problems militating against entrepreneurial activities in Nigeria. The study opines that there is close relationship between entrepreneurship education and sustainable economic growth and development.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship Education, Sustainable Economic Development

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SKILLS AND CREATIVITY IN HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

AMRAM Juliana
 



Abstract
Home Economics education could enhance skills, desirable attitude, knowledge and creative ideas for harnessing of available resources for the well-being of individuals, families and the society. Home economics education provides avenues for transfer of skills, creativity and knowledge in theory and practice for preparing home economics graduates to contribute to the vision of sustainable development. This is done through skills acquisition for self-reliance. This paper examines ways by which home economics as abroad field of study educates people on efficient management of human and material resources which can salvage people in this present global economic recession. The paper further highlights specific strategies that could boost creativity and possible militating factors. It was recommended that there is need for qualified educationists and instructions on home economics education, and the teacher should as well be given adequate training to acquire pre-requisite knowledge, skills and creativity.

Key Words:   Skills, Creativity, Home Economics Education, Sustainable Economic Development

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THE ROLE OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION TRANSFORMATION AS A DRIVE FOR SUSTAINABLE FOOD SECURITY IN NIGERIA

ISAH Shehu Nabara
 



Abstract
The Agricultural Transformation is all about enhancing capacity for agricultural commodity value chains leading to industrialization and employment creation, food security, infrastructure investments, private sector leadership, supportive fiscal policies and accessible market information systems to the farmers. Poor funding and absence of a well-defined agricultural extension policy among others will constitute a challenge for extension as she delivers in the transformation. True commitment by the government to the newly established Federal Department of Agricultural Extension (FDAE) and proper funding of the Nigerian extension service could be employed as strategies for restructuring extension service in the on-going Transformation, for a true and sustainable food sufficiency. The following recommendations are made: (1) the Federal Government must be honest with the transformation by being supportive and giving the newly established Federal Department of Agricultural Extension (FDAE) free hand to oversee, monitor and provide the leadership needed for an efficient and effective agricultural extension and advisory service delivery in Nigeria; (2) relevant bodies should review the Agricultural extension policies within the subsisting Agricultural policies and recommend appropriate policies that will ensure the effective participation of all stakeholders in a stable policy environment.

Keywords: Agricultural, Agricultural extension, Agricultural transformation

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EFFECTS OF THE CONTRIBUTORY PENSION SCHEME ON NIGERIAN WORKERS

CHINYERE, Alaribe Muoka
 



Abstract
Over the years, the management of pension scheme in Nigeria has been in a multiple and diverse problems arising from retirements benefit, especially in the public service. There have been several reviews of pension schemes by the Federal Government with implementation problems. In 2004, the Federal Government established a funded pension system known as contributory. This paper looks at the effects of the Contributory Pension Scheme on Nigerian workers. It examines the features and gives an overview of the new scheme. Data was obtained from official publications, documentations and journals etc. The paper also identifies key problems facing pension scheme in Nigeria and suggest recommendations. It concludes that the success of the contributory pension scheme largely depends on the sincerity, collaboration and commitment of all stakeholders.

Key words: Pension and Gratuity

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EMBRACING TECHNOLOGY FOR MANAGING CLIMATIC CONSTRAINTS IN NIGERIAN CROP PRODUCTION

OKWORI, A. A. and IDOGAH, E. E. (Mrs)
 



Abstract
Human survival without food crops is myth. Whereas, crop culture is the basic activity by which humans and animals survive, crop itself depends on light, heat, water, air, climatic factors. Undoubtedly, climate has a lot of influence on crops such that climatic and its’ change constraints on them in way of dryness and heat stress persist till now. This research investigated such issues and stipulated some technology for managing the climatic constraints in Nigerian crop production as follows: utilizing technology of polythene house provides considerable protection to crops against cool soil; and creating wind shelter and break belts which possess tree shade and decrease heat load of radiation because they lower wind speed and transpiration. Adopt genetic development of drought-adapted crop and animal varieties, dry farming, improved irrigation facility farming and rain creation. It’s to possess modern technology for exploring new areas of agricultural production.

Keywords: Climate change, drought, heat injury; management technology, and cow production.

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