Abstracts

NC19A009

Refocusing Literature for Nigeria societal need; Proper parenting as a panacea for revolutionizing Nigeria, a Bildungsroman of Bolajis Sweet Sixteen

Nwodo John,
nwodojohnb@gmail.com
Abstract-The family as the first and smallest agent of socialization has been infected with an epidemic that has affected the entire Nigeria society. This infection cuts across; domestic violence, child abuse, inadequate finance, and irresponsible parenting. Child up bringing have become more tasking in this 21st century, yet little or no pragmatic and decisive measure have being taken to curb this problem. This paper believes that proper parenting is an urgent need for Nigeria as it will go a long way to produce good citizens, who will champion the course of revolution. The theoretical framework adopted for the study is bildungsroman theory and the methodology is text-based analysis. All the issue raised from the various texts constitutes data for the study. The findings shows that, failure in parenting in turn affects the larger society, thereby bringing about the state of restiveness.
Keywords: Proper parenting,refocusing, panacea, revolutionizing and bildungsroman
NC19A010

Refocusing pesticide usage to minimise it's effect on environment and human health

Suleiman Fanika,
sulfanik2005@gmail.com
Abstract-In the recent past, pesticide related issues have been extensively highlighted in the media including research journals and attracted wider debate and sharp focus among the regulatory bodies in the world as a whole. Pesticides play a sensitive role in food systems; they are applied in order to protect crops, but they can have negative impacts on environment and human health. In general, pesticides are used to kill the pests and insects which attack crop and harm them. Different kinds of pesticides benefit the crops; however, they also impose a serious negative impact on the environment. Excessive use of pesticides may lead to the destruction of biodiversity. Indeed , for the society as a whole it would be desirable to gradually reduce pesticide use to a level where negative impacts- externalities like health hazards, biodiversity loss or water pollution- at least do not outweigh the value added in terms of yields or cost savings in production. Today there is consensus among a wide range of stakeholders that pesticide use needs to be gradually reduced to a level that is effectively required to ensure crop production, and that use of pesticide application need to be reduced as far as possible. Therefore, the paper intends to discuss about pesticides, their types, and usefulness, risks associated to human health and environment, toxicity of pesticides and their residues in crops. The paper recommends to including, refocusing pesticide usage through Integrated Pest Management (IPM), and also safe use by maintaining Good Agricultural Practice (GAP).
Keywords: Pesticides, health risk, toxicity, IPM, and GAP
NC19A011

Perception of Lecturers and Students on the effect of semester length on the academic performance of Students in FCE Kontagora

Temaugee,S.T. , Saidu, A.B
samterch2@gmail.com
Abstract-This study investigated the perception of lecturers and students on the effect of semester length on academic performance of students in the Federal College of Education Kontagora. A total of 40 respondents consisting of 9 lecturers and 31 students in the school of secondary Education Science Programmes were used. The instrument for data collection was the questionnaire. Five (5) research questions and two (2) null hypothesis were formulated and tested using t-Test at 0.05 level of significance. Results obtained from the study shows that for the past three years, the number of teaching weeks has been less than the 15 weeks required by National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) minimum standard for curriculum implementation framework in Nigerian Colleges of Education. The respondents were also of the view that short semesters have a negative effect on the academic performance of students. Results also revealed that, students with low learning pace tend to perform poorly when semesters are short. There was however no statistical difference in the perception of both Lecturers and students. Based on the findings of this study it was recommended that; academic planners should allocate at least 15weeks for active teaching and learning in a semester especially in FCE Kontagora and that government and stakeholders should do as much as possible to avoid industrial actions that affect normal semester length in the Nigerian Tertiary institutions.
Keywords: Academic Performance,Effect, Semester Length, Perception
NC19A012

REFOCUSING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION AND MATHEMATICS; NEED FOR MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT FOR SOCIETAL NEED

Olalere J., Agbenyeku, P. & Eyo, U.E
danagbes@gmail.com
Abstract-This paper addresses the need for manpower development for sciences, technology education and mathematics in secondary schools. The paper looks at the historical context of some policies of science education in Nigeria and the advanced countries and notes the poor achievement of science and technology education in secondary schools. The need to refocus science and technology education for manpower development becomes necessary because it is a necessary tools that will enhance scientific and technological advancement of a nation and Nigeria in particular. The paper therefore looks into how competent manpower can be developed. The implications of the study are highlighted.
Keywords: Science, Technology Education, Man Power Development, Societal Needs
NC19A013

REFOCUSING BIOLOGY EDUCATION FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: THE PLACE OF INNOVATIONS

OTI ELIZABETH C., SALAMI JENNIFER U., ANTAKIL ASARYA
salami_jenny@yahoo.com
Abstract-Biology Education is an important tool for new ideas and inventions that meets the expectation and present status of our societal needs. The paper highlights the importance of Biology Education and challenges militating against its refocusing in Nigeria. The paper also emphasized the place of Educational Innovation for improved learning outcomes, its impact on Education and benefits to sustainable societal needs. Recommendations made amongst others include the urgent need for restructuring of Biology Education curriculum, provision of adequate funding for Biology Education by Government at all levels, recruitment of competent and qualified teachers to teach the subject, continuous training and re-training of teachers for National and International demands Keywords: Biology Education, Innovations, Refocusing, Societal needs, Learning outcomes
Keywords: Biology Education, Innovations, Refocusing, Societal needs, Learning outcomes
NCA19014

THE ROLE OF PLANT BIOLOGY TO NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

HARUNA SANI, BAMAN ABUBAKAR
harunasani409@gmail.com
Abstract-Plant biology which is known as botany, phytology is a branch of plant science amongst other sciences. Plant biology is very important in our daily lives because it scientifically study plants which in turn are used in most field of sciences and also provides the basic needs of life such as food, clothing, shelter and medicine. The paper discusses the role of plant biology to national development. The importance of plants, job opportunities for plant biologist, roles of plant biology in nature, current issues about plant biology and national development, current challenge and strategies in plant biology. Plants, human health and civilization. Plants and global warming were addressed in the paper. The paper recommends on the establishment of National Institute of Plant Biology (NIPB).Career training and redevelopment to provide continuing education for plant biologists and provide grant and fellowships in sufficient number and amount of award to attract and retain best plant biologist, among others.
Keywords: Plant biology, global warming, food and National development
NC19A015

THE CORROSION INHIBITION OF HEXANE EXTRACT OF ANOGEISUS LEIOCARPUS ROOT ON MILD STEEL IN ACIDIC MEDIUM

ibejekwe sunday john, Prof. Uche Basil Eke.,Gambol Nanbol Ndam & Gosomji,A.D.
igweibejekwe@yahoo.com
Abstract-This work is to examine the effectiveness of Anogeiosus Leiocarpus root extract on corrosion of mild steel using the weight loss measurement from 303K - 333k and concentration effects. Corrosion rate, inhibition efficiency and surface coverage were evaluated. Corrosion inhibition efficiency of 81% was achieved at 0.1 g/l in 1M H2SO4 of Anogeiosus Leiocarpus root extracts. It was found that the root extract acted as a good inhibitor for the test environment. The inhibitive action of the extract is discussed with a view to adsorption of its component onto the mild-steel surface which made a barrier of mass and charge transfer. The adsorption of extract component onto mild steel surface was found to be a spontaneous process and increases the activation of the corrosion process. The inhibition efficiency is greatly reduced as the temperature increased. Experimental result show inhibition efficiency increases with the concentration of the sample extract. The data derived from this research confirmed the fact that corrosion inhibition mechanism was affected by the root extracts.
Keywords: corrosion, inhibition
NC19A016

Refocusing STEM Education to Address Human Security Vulnerabilities in Information System in Nigeria

Oyefeso Olufemi O, Yusuf Abdulazeez O, Bamikole David
femolapel@gmail.com
Abstract-The role of internet and Information communication technologies (ICT) has not only changed the way we process information but has also transformed most of our societal norms and values in Nigeria. As Nigerians dependency keep increasing on it as a tool to enhance development, socialize and transact business, the continuous news of cyber threat, breaches, and attacks have become a critical concern. This paper looks into the concept of information security, information threat (cyber-crime) and human vulnerabilities and discusses on how STEM education can be refocused to improve cybersecurity awareness and culture as a critical tool needed by the society to ensure reliable information security system that can withstand potential information threat. It also looks at the present human factors contributing to the weakening of information security in Nigeria, specifically from the educational sector and makes recommendations that will help in addressing negative human factors that compromise information system securities.
Keywords: Cyber-Security, Cyber-crime, ICT, Security Culture, Human vulnerabilities

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April 15, 2019
Deadline for submission of Abstracts
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FCE Kontagora, Niger state, Nigeria
Email: fcekgscienceedu@gmail.com

Phone: +234 8051096458,
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