Construction And Fabrication Of Greenhouse In Science Laboratory Technology (SLT) Botanical Garden In Federal Polytechnic, Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State

Hassan, A.B., Tanko, O. O & Kutigi, G.I
Abstract-The conceptualization, design fabrication and construction of a greenhouse as part of a botanical garden within the premises of the science laboratory technology department of the federal polytechnic, Kaura Namoda, is a unique and rewarding experience laced with ecological, cultural, educational and economic benefit that will last for several generations of students on campus. The fabricated greenhouse which are frames of inflated structures covered with a transparent materials in which crops are grown under controlled environmental conditions have been evolved to create favorable micro-climates, which favors the crop production could be possible all through the year or part of the years as required. Other technologies involved in the greenhouse design are used for controlled environmental plant production which are associated with the off-season production of ornamentals and foods of high value in cold climate areas where outdoor production is not possible. Hence, the primary environmental parameter traditionally controlled under the fabrication exercise is temperature, usually providing heat to overcome extreme cold conditions. However, environmental control can also include cooling to mitigate excessive temperature, light control either shading or adding supplemental light, carbon dioxide levels, relative humidity, water, plant nutrients and pest control.
Keywords: Design, Fabrication, Laboratory, Greenhouse, Kaura Namoda

Repositioning Nigerian Youth For Peace And Security Through Entrepreneurship

Rilwanu Ahmad Dalijn,
Abstract-This paper examined the role of entrepreneurship in Nigeria. Some variables were identified as possible obstacles to entrepreneurship, they include among others: poor knowledge based economy and poor enterprising culture. Also the paper discussed ways of avoiding the obstacles and how the teaching of creativity and problem solving skills can reposition Nigerian youths
Keywords: Repositioning, Peace, Security, Youth


Abimaje Paul E.,
Abstract-There is no time an attempt made to encourage students and suggest improvement on the knowledge of mathematics as a vital tool to the development of any nation economically and technologically can be over emphasized. It is also an accepted fact that people can no longer alternate the subject mathematics for another due to its place in human endeavours and students’ academic pursuit. There is negative attitude towards mathematics due to some factors including approaches used by teachers. This study in the efforts to correct this attitude in the students emphasized the influence of instructional materials in teaching remedial mathematics in tertiary institution. It explained the concept of instructional materials, its importance, role and type. The study went further to explain the concept of remedial education and tertiary institution. It also clearly explained how Remedial Education can be administered through pull - out or push - in remediation.
Keywords: instructional, material, remedial, mathematics, tertiary,


Hassan A. B, Paulina Gayus & Kankara Aliyu Idris
Abstract-About of 80% of bad breath popularly called mouth adour is caused by the release of hydrogen sulphide (H2S) from the mouth. This is one of the major gases given out by bacteria as they respire and it smells like rotten eggs… the good news is that, based on the recent research that was shared during the International Association for Dental Research. It was found out that sugarless yoghurt can reduce level of hydrogen sulfide in the mouth. According to the latest update on the Kick The Bad Breath official website, the percentage cases of chronic bad breath worldwide is between 35% - 45% while 99% have dragon bad breath in the morning after wake Participants ate about 3 ounces of sugarless yoghurt twice a day for a six months period. At the end, it was found that hydrogen sulfide level was significantly cut down in 80% of the participants. Scientists believe that the active bacteria have effectively eliminated the anaerobic bacteria that cause bad breadth in the mouth. However, understanding why the body produces breadth that is bad or why this sometimes happens to probably everyone on the planet at one time or the other is a vital part of fixing the problem hence addressing it.
Keywords: Halitosis, Tonsillitis, Mitigating, Self Esteem, Evaluation


Hassan A.B, Afolayan G.G.& Ibrahim Abdullahi Dauran
Abstract-Ethanol may be produced using sugarcane bagasse as raw material through organosolv process with dilute acid hydrolysis, thus increasing ethanol production with the same cultivated sugarcane area . In this work, simulations of bioethanol production from sugarcane juice and bagasse are carried out using software UniSim design. A typical large scale production plant is considered;1000m3/day of ethanol is produced using sugarcane juice as raw materials. A three-step hydrolysis process (pre-hydrolysis of hemicellulose,organosolv delignification and cellulose hydrolysis) of surplus sugarcane bagasse is considered. Pinch analysis is used to determine the minimum hot utility obtained with thermal integration of the plant, in order to find out the maximum availability of bagasse that can be used in the hydrolysis process, taking in to consideration the use of 50% of generated sugarcane trash as fuel for electricity and steam production. Two different causes were analyzed for the production purification step: conventional and double-effect distillation systems. It was found that double effect distillation system allows 90% of generated bagasse to be used as raw material in the hydrolysis plant, which amounts for an increase of 26% in bioethanol production considering exclusively the formation of hexoes obtained from the cellulosic fraction.


Hassan A.B, Ado Samuel Joseph & Ahmed Alli Abbas
Abstract-A total of eighty (36 males and 44 females) fish samples were collected from from sokoto in the sokoto Rima river basin, Sokoto Local Government Area, Sokoto state and examined for possible parasites infestation. Fifty-two of these fish sample examined were infested by parasites and a total of 84 parasites were collected throughout the study from the fifty-two infected fishes. The parasites collected comprised of the Nematodes (57), Trematodes (8), Cestodes (1), protozoa (3) and the Acanthocephalans (15). The trematodes (57 individuals) representing 67.8% of the total parasites collected were the most abundant parasites followed by the Acanthocephalans (15) representing 17.8% of the total parasites collected while the cestodes were the least. Among the fish samples (clarias, tilapia, snake head and eel fish) collected, the highest number of parasite was collected in tilapia fish (18.8%) followed by snake head fish (16.3%) with clarias and eel having the least prevalence. For prevalence by length class, the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites was highest in Eel fish (55%), Clarias (50%) and snake head fish (40%) with standard lengths 11 – 15.9cm, while the reverse was observed for tilapia fish where fish with standard length 5 – 10.9 cm having a higher prevalence. For the prevalence by sex, the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites was highest for the male in the eel fish, while the reverse was the case for the other fish species collected, where the female fish had a higher prevalence than the male, while for micro habitat, most of the parasites were collected from the small intestine. From these findings, the study concluded that the present study has provided information on the gastrointestinal parasites in fish samples (Clarias, Tilapia,, Snake head Fish, Eel Fish) obtained from the sokoto rima river basin, Sokoto and can thus be used as a template for further studies on the parasites of fish species in the river.

corrosion inhibition of anogeissus leiocarpus leaf extract on ild steel in acidic medium.

Ibejekwe Sunday John, Prof. Uche Basil Eke,Ngap,J.S.,Bagji,G.
Abstract-Anogeissus Cleiocarpus leaves for corrosion inhibition for mild steel in acidic midiun. Ibejekwe S.J.I.1, Prof. U.B.eke 2, Ngap S.J, Gosomji A.D1, Bagji G.,Gosomji A.D, 1. Federal college of Education Pankshin, chemistry department, Pankshin Plateau State. 2. Federal University of Ilorin, chemistry department, Faculty Physical Science. Ilorin Kwara State. Abstract Corrosion inhibition of mild steel in the presence of various concentration of extract from Anogeissus leiocarpus leaves in 1 M H2SO4 has been investigated using weight loss method. The effect of temperature on the corrosion behavior of mild steel was studied in the temperature rang 303 – 323 K.The results shows an increase in the weight loss of the mild steel as the temperature increases and decrease with increase in the concentration. For the corrosion rate, it also showed similar trend with increase in the absence of extract progressively as the temperature. However, there is decrease in corrosion rate with increase in the concentration. This implies the inhibitive tendency of the extract on the metal against the aggressive acidic medium, H2SO4 . The surface coverage (ϴ) decreased with increase in the temperature but increased with increased concentration of extract. The inhibition efficiency (IE %) followed same trend as in surface coverage. The decrease in IE % with increase in temperature is indicative of physical adsorption mechanism .
Keywords: corrosion, inhibition

Characterization Studies and Determination of Adsorptive Capacity of Modified Pinus sylvetris Bark Activated Carbon on Simulated Dye and Drug Industrial Waste Water

Alimi, Taofeek, Usman, U., 1Olarongbe, G.O., Lateef, O.K.
Abstract-Abstract Water covers the larger part of the earth’s surface. About 0.06 % of the 3 % fresh water is accessible. Developments in industrial sectors have resulted in generation of large amount of waste water containing toxic pollutants which find their ways into the various water sources and cause a serious environmental challenge. The contaminated water must be absolutely treated before discharge into the environment. Pinus sylvetris bark is an abundant agro-waste processed into Modified Pinus sylvetris Bark Activated Carbon (MPSBAC). MPSBAC was characterized and tested for its adsorptive capacity on the simulated dye and drug industrial waste waters. The results showed that MPSBAC possessed surface structural features with some functional groups and elemental components which made it suitable for solution toxicants removal through adsorption interactions. Some selected adsorption studies were carried out and their results justified the characterization claims.
Keywords: Keywords: Characterization, Adsorptive capacity, Adsorption, MPSBAC, Simulation, Industrial waste wa

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